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history & culture


ANCIENT SITES
Mentioned below are the ancient sites in Athens and the Attica region. For further information concerning the sites, the visiting hours and the entrance fees, contact their offices at the phone numbers indicated.

-- click on links below to jump to ancient site --
or view information for all sites, after the list

  1. The Acropolis
  2. The southern slope of Acropolis Hill
  3. The Ancient Agora of Athens
  4. The Roman Agora of Athens
  5. The Pnyx
  6. The Olympieion Site
  7. Academy of Plato
  8. The Panathenaic Stadium
  9. The Vravron Archaeological Site
  10. The Sanctuary of Poseidon and Athena
  11. The Eleusis Archaeological Site
THE ACROPOLIS


The Parthenon on the Acropolis Rock

The Acropolis is the most significant ancient Greek site and is world famous for its great beauty. During the Golden Age of Athens (5th century BC), Pericles commissioned the structure of the Acropolis buildings. Throughout history, the Acropolis has been a site of worship of several religions as well as an arsenal and fortress during times of war.

First excavated: 1835-1837
Monuments
and sites:
  • The Parthenon: built in 447-438 BC by sculptor Pheidias and architects Iktinos and Kallikrates. The building's most characteristic features were the Doric style columns and the decorations; mythical scenes engraved in the pediments and the frieze. It was completed in 432 BC.

  • The Erechtheion: built in 420 BC. The main characteristics are the Ionic style columns and Caryatides standing on the south side of the buildings. It was a place of worship to Athena and Poseidon.

  • The Temple of Athena Nike: built in 420 BC and was dedicated to the patron goddess Athena. The architecture is according to the Ionic style with columns and engraved freize.

  • The Propylaea: constructed in 437-432 BC by the architect Mnesiklis. It has both Doric and Ionic columns.


  • The Acropolis
    Athens
    Tel: (+30) 210 3214172, 210 3210219, 210 9238724, Fax: (+30) 210 9239023

    THE SOUTHERN SLOPE OF THE ACROPOLIS


    The Herod Atticus Odeon

    Many monuments are built on the southern side of Acropolis Hill, which are primarily religious and cultural in character. Several of the monuments were in honor of the god Dionysus.

    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Theater of Dionysus: built in the 5th century BC.

  • The Old Temple of Dionysus: constructed in the 6th century BC.

  • The Later Temple of Dionysus: built around the mid 4th century BC.

  • The Monument of Thrasyllos: erected in 320-319 BC.

  • The Stoa of Eumenes: commissioned by Eumenes II, King of Pergamos in 197-159 BC.

  • The Herod Atticus Odeon: built by Herod. It is still used today for summer cultural performances.

  • The Asklepeion: where the Asklepios temple used to stand.


  • Sites of the southern side of Acropolis Hill
    Athens
    Tel: (+30) 210 3224625, Fax: (+30) 210 9239023

    THE ANCIENT AGORA OF ATHENS


    The Temple of Hephaestus

    The Agora was the main location of Athens' public life and the center of political, cultural, commercial and social activities. Since the 2nd century BC the structure has not changed its shape, though damage has been caused through the centuries.

    First excavated: 1859-1912
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Temple of Hephaestus or "Theision": built in 449 BC.

  • The Stoa of Zeus Eleutherios: completed by the end of the 5th century BC. It is where Socrates is said to have socialized.

  • The Temple of Apollo Patroos: used for the worship of the god Apollo. It is Ionic in style and was constructed in 340-320 BC.

  • The Bouleuterion: where the Council of 500 members met.

  • The Metroon: where the archives and documents of the Council were held. It was built in the 2nd century BC, according to the Ionic architectural style.

  • The Monument of the Eponymous Heroes: only the base remains of this 2nd century BC structure.

  • The Alter of the Twelve Gods: erected in 522-521 BC.

  • The Agrippa Odeon: built by Agrippa in 15 BC.

  • The Royal Stoa (Stoa Basileios): where Solon's laws were displayed and the Areios Pagos meetings were held. Socrates' trial most probably took place here. Constructed in 460 BC.

  • Tholos: a building circular in shape - 460 BC.


  • The Ancient Agora of Athens
    Athens
    Tel: (+30) 210 3210185

    THE ROMAN AGORA OF ATHENS

    The Roman Agora was built between the last century BC and the first century AD. It has 2 Propylaea, the western is Doric-style and the eastern is Ionic-style.

    First excavated: 1837-1845
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Gate of Athena Archegetis: features 4 Doric columns and was built in 11 BC to honor the goddess Athena.

  • The East Propylon: comprised of 4 Ionic-style columns.

  • The Fethiye Djami: built in 1456 AD.

  • The Agoranomion: built in the 1st century AD.

  • The Public Latrines: erected in the 1st century AD.


  • The Roman Agora in Athens
    Athens
    Tel: (+30) 210 3245220

    THE PNYX

    This site was the meeting place of the ancient residents of Athens.

    First excavated: 1910
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Two Large Stoas: 330-326 BC.

  • The Cutting for the Alter of Zeus Agoraios: 330-326 BC.

  • The Large Cutting between the Two Stoas: 330-326 BC.

  • The Sanctuary of Zeus Hypsistos: dedicated to the god Zeus.

  • THE OLYMPIEION SITE


    The Olympieion

    The Olympieion was a sanctuary devoted to the Olympian god Zeus.

    First excavated: 1886
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Temple of Zeus Olympios: built in 124-132 AD, it had 104 Corinthian and Ionic-style columns.

  • The Temple of Apollo Delphinios: a Doric-style temple constructed in 500 BC.

  • The Court at the Delphinion: erected in 500 BC.

  • The Gates of the city wall of Athens: built by Themistoklis in 479-478 BC.

  • The Roman Bath: 124-132 AD.

  • The Temple of Pan-Hellenic Zeus: 131-132 AD.

  • The Temple of Cronos and Rea: 150 AD.


  • The Olympieion Site
    Vasilissis Olgas Street, Athens
    Tel: (+30) 210 9226330

    ACADEMY OF PLATO

    This is the location where Plato established his school of philosophy, which operated until 526 AD.

    First excavated: 1929-1940
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Sacred House: where religious rituals took place.

  • The Gymnasium: 1st century AD.

  • The Peristyle Building: built in the 4th century BC.

  • The Early Helladic Absidal House: was the home of Academos.


  • Academy of Plato
    Acadimia Platonos area, Athens

    THE PANATHENAIC STADIUM (THE MARBLE STADIUM)


    The Panathenaic Stadium

    The Panathenaic Stadium was built in 330-329 BC. It was there that the Great Panathinaea Festivities were held. It was repaired by Herod in 140-144 AD. The Stadium was first excavated in 1870. At the end of the 19th century the stadium was restored for the first modern Olympic Games took place in 1896 in the Panathenaic Stadium, thus rekindling the Olympic Spirit and reviving the most important and most unique athletic competition ever.



    The Panathenaic Stadium
    Ardettos Hill, Athens
    Tel: (+30) 210 3251744

    THE VRAVRON ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

    The Vravron site primarily honored Artemis, the goddess of hunting and the protector of childbirth and newborns.

    First excavated: 1948
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Stoa: built in 449 BC according to the Doric style of architecture.

  • The Temple of Artemis: completed during the first half of the 5th century BC. It was also designed in the Doric style.

  • The Temple of Iphigenia: built on the site of a cave in which evidence of cultism from the 8th century BC was discovered.

  • The Stone Bridge: crossing the Erasinos River.


  • The Ancient Vravron Site
    19003, Markopoulo, Mesogeia, Attica Greece
    Tel: (+30) 22990 27020

    THE SANCTUARY OF POSEIDON AND ATHENA


    The Temple of Poseidon in Sounio

    This sanctuary is located in Sounion. Evidence has been found showing that the area has been inhabited since Prehistoric times. Throughout the Ancient Greek era, it was used either as a place of worship or a fortress in times or war.

    First excavated: 1825
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Temple of Poseidon: built in 450-440 BC according to the Doric style of architecture.

  • The Propylon: also designed in the Doric style.

  • The Fortress: constructed in 412 BC.

  • The Temple of Athena: most probably constructed during the 5th century BC along with the Temple of Poseidon.

  • The Small Temple: Doric in style.


  • The Sanctuary of Poseidon and Athena
    Sounion, Attica Greece
    Tel: (+30) 22920 39363

    THE ELEUSIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

    The town of Eleusis has been inhabited since 2000 BC. Throughout history, it has been a major Greek city. It was there that the Eleusian Mysteries took place and where the goddess Demeter was revered.

    First excavated: End of the 19th century
    Monuments
    and sites:
  • The Sacred Court: where the residents presented their offerings to Demeter.

  • The Greater Propylaea: erected in the second half of the 2nd century BC, according to the Doric structural design.

  • The Lesser Propylaea: constructed in 54 BC, in Ionic architectural style.

  • The Telesterion: built between the 2nd and the 5th centuries AD.

  • The Triumphal Arches: raised in 129 AD.

  • The Callichoron Well: constructed in the 1st half of the 5th century BC.

  • The Ploutoneion: built in 6th - 4th century BC.

  • The Mycenaean Megaron.


  • The Eleusis Archaeological Site
    Eleusis, Attica Greece
    Tel: (+30) 210 5546019



    There are many other archaeological sites in Attica worth visiting during your stay:

    The Archaeological site of Kerameikos, The Cave of Prophet Elias, Hadrian's Library, The Horologion of Andronicos (Tower of the Winds),The Lysikrates Monument, The Philopappos Monument, Hadrian's Arch, The Archaeological site of Troizen, The Archaeological site of Thorikos, The Archaeological site of Amphiareion, The Tumulus of Marathon, The Archaeological site of Rhamnous, The Archaeological site of Aigosthena, The Church of the Gorgoepikoos, Kapnikarea Church, Aghioi Theodoroi Church, The Kaisariani Monastery, Omorphokklesia in Galatsi, The Daphni Monastery.



    ATHENS HOTELS GUIDE
    United Online S.A., 61-63 Protopapadaki St., 11147, Galatsi, Athens, Greece
    Tel. (+30) 210 2139810, Fax: (+30) 210 2134822 - E-mail:

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